Bell’s palsy is a paralysis or weakness of the muscles on one side of your face. Damage to the facial nerve that controls muscles on one side of the face causes that side of your face to droop .
• Paralysis or weakness on one side of the face.
• Ear pain, sensitivity to sound.
• The eye cannot fully close. dry eye
• The mouth droops, trouble eating, drinking or speaking.
• The face feels heavy.
• Foods taste slightly different.
• Loss of facial expression.
• Certain tumors.
• Unknown cause.
The person is typically asked to:
• Raise their eyebrows, eyebrows will rise asymmetrically
• Close their eyes and smile, unable to close the affected eye and one side of the mouth will droop.
• Special scans, including ct and mri scans, may be used to exclude other causes.
• Artificial tears to keep the affected eye lubricated
• A patch to protect the affected eye
• Using tape to close the affected eyelid at night
• Medications such as corticosteroids to help reduce the swelling of the facial nerve
• Pain-relieving medications
• Facial exercises
• Electrical stimulation to the affected muscles may promote recovery.
• Botox injections may be useful if, during nerve recovery, unexpected involuntary movements of the face occur
• Surgery, although this is an unusual form of treatment and rarely effective.